Skip to main content

Quem matou o rei? Who did it?


Who did it?

by Christa Maas
In a castle there lived a king with his wife and their servants (empregados). The king, the queen and their servants had been living in the castle for 17 years.  One morning the king was found dead (foi achado morto). He had been murdered (assassinado). When the residents of the castle were interrogated by the police, every person gave three answers of which one was a lie (mentira).
This is the police report: (boletim de ocorrência)
1.      The Queen said
I didn’t kill my husband.
I’m innocent.
Our gardener killed my husband

2.     The Gardener (o jardineiro)
The Queen was lying when she says that I did it.
I am not guilty.
The butler is the murderer.

3.      The Maid (a empregada)
I didn’t do it.
The gardener did it.
I wasn’t even here last night.

4.      The Butler (o mordomo)
I didn´t murder the king.
The king was killed by the cook.
I was helping the maid in the kitchen. She is my witness. (testemunha)

5.       The Cook (o cozinheiro/ a cozinheira)
It definitely wasn´t me.
The butler knows who’s murdered the king.
I have been working here for 17 years.

Who did it? The queen, the gardener, the maid, the butler or the cook?

Let´s find out.
Each suspect answered two questions truthfully and told on lie. If you analyze all the answers you will find the following clues:
1.      The Queen said
a.       I didn’t kill my husband.
b.      I’m innocent.
c.       Our gardener killed my husband
The queen said she was innocent twice. Therefore, answer c is a lie. The gardener is not the murderer.
2.      The Gardener said
a.       The queen was lying when she said that I did it.
b.      I am not guilty.
c.       The butler is the murderer.
We already know that the gardener is not the murderer, so c must be a lie. The butler is not the murderer.
3.      The Maid said
a.       I didn’t do it.
b.      The gardener did it.
c.       I wasn’t even here last night.
We also know that the gardener is innocent, so either a. or c.is a lie.
4.      The Butler said
a.       I didn´t murder the king.
b.      The king was killed by the cook.
c.       I was helping the maid in the kitchen. She is my witness.
We already know that the butler is innocent. So either b. or c. is a lie.
5.       The Cook said
a.       It wasn´t me.
b.      The butler knows who’s murdered the king.
c.       I have been working here for 17 years.
All the servants have been in the castle for 17 years, so answer c is true.
The clue is in statement b : The butler knows who murdered the  king.
This answer solves the problem we have with the maid and the butler:
·         The maid´s lie must be c. I wasn´t even here last night.
  • The butler´s lie must be c.  I was helping the maid in the kitchen. She is my witness. So answer a. and b. must be true.  a. I didn´t murder the king.b.The king was killed by the cook.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas
Usamos  Who para pessoas =the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)
Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas =the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)
Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas) =the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)
Whom (formal) = the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)
When(quando) em vez de in/on which = the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)
Where (onde) em vez de in/at which = the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)
Why(porque) em vez de for which = the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)


Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:
I told you about the woman w…

E-mail writing and making appointments (inglês/português)

Practical tips for e-mail writing
by Christa Maas




Addressing a client
Always check if it is alright to call a client by his or her first name. In European countries the more formal Mr. Green or Ms. Green is applied. Use Mrs. only if you are sure that a woman is married, otherwise use the non-committal Ms. XYZ Co (address) Attn: Ms Marcela
Dear Ms Marcela |Mr.|Mrs.

      Previous meeting

It was a great pleasure meeting you on (date) and I would like to follow up with our proposal for legal services…

Previous e-mail contact Thank you for your e-mail dated … Thank you for your interest in our law firm In reply to your enquiry I would like to give you some background on our law firm and its services I am writing in reference to…


Offering Help Would you like me to … Please, let me know how I can be of help… I am at your complete disposal for anything you might need. Please, don´t hesitate to ask if you need anything.

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

by Christa Maas 1: Give the comparative form for each of the adjectives listed. Russian is a more difficult language than English. I think Maria is happier now than three months ago. Could you open the door, please? It's getting much hotter in this room than I like. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________ good _____________ bad ______________
2: Give the superlative form for each of the adjectives listed. Brazil is the most beautiful country in South America. His biggest dream is to buy a yacht. He is the happiest person in our office. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________