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Os verbos "lay" e "lie"



by Christa Maas
Os verbos “lay” e “lie” são confundidos com muita freqüência.

“lay” se usa com um objeto direto. “Você deita algo”.
You lay something down.  (lay= present tense)
She laid the paper on the table (laid=  past tense)
This explanation has been laid out nicely (laid = participle)

“lie” não precisa de objeto e quer dizer “estar deitado”.
I lie on the beach every summer ( lie= present tense)
I lay on the beach last weekend (lay= past tense)
He has lain in bed all week because he was sick (lain=participle)

“Lie” também pode significar “mentir”. Neste caso a conjugação do verbo é regular:
Lie, lied, lied

Exercise:


Fill in the missing verbs:

1.       Yesterday, the trash ____________ on the street.
2.       I like to ___________ down after lunch.
3.       __________ the bag down. It´s very heavy.
4.       My cat and my dog ____________ down together.
5.       That wasn´t true. You _________ to me.
6.       That food has been _____________ on the buffet table all morning.
7.       I have __________ out your evening clothes for you.
8.       They have been ____________ on the couch all afternoon.
9.       He ___________ the flowers on the table and they ______ there all day.
10.   Are you tired? Why don´t you _____________down?
11.   The policeman told the robber to __________ down that gun and ________ on the ground with his hands above his head. So the robber obeyed. He ___________ down the gun and ______________ down.


Answers: 1.lay, 2. lie, 3. lay, 4. lie, 5. lied, 6. laying, 7. laid 8. laying, 9. laid, lay, 10. lie, 11.lay, lie, laid, lay




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