Skip to main content

Os verbos "lay" e "lie"

by Christa Maas
Os verbos “lay” e “lie” são confundidos com muita freqüência.

“lay” se usa com um objeto direto. “Você deita algo”.
You lay something down.  (lay= present tense)
She laid the paper on the table (laid=  past tense)
This explanation has been laid out nicely (laid = participle)

“lie” não precisa de objeto e quer dizer “estar deitado”.
I lie on the beach every summer ( lie= present tense)
I lay on the beach last weekend (lay= past tense)
He has lain in bed all week because he was sick (lain=participle)

“Lie” também pode significar “mentir”. Neste caso a conjugação do verbo é regular:
Lie, lied, lied


Fill in the missing verbs:

1.       Yesterday, the trash ____________ on the street.
2.       I like to ___________ down after lunch.
3.       __________ the bag down. It´s very heavy.
4.       My cat and my dog ____________ down together.
5.       That wasn´t true. You _________ to me.
6.       That food has been _____________ on the buffet table all morning.
7.       I have __________ out your evening clothes for you.
8.       They have been ____________ on the couch all afternoon.
9.       He ___________ the flowers on the table and they ______ there all day.
10.   Are you tired? Why don´t you _____________down?
11.   The policeman told the robber to __________ down that gun and ________ on the ground with his hands above his head. So the robber obeyed. He ___________ down the gun and ______________ down.

Answers: 1.lay, 2. lie, 3. lay, 4. lie, 5. lied, 6. laying, 7. laid 8. laying, 9. laid, lay, 10. lie, 11.lay, lie, laid, lay


Popular posts from this blog

Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas
Usamos  Who para pessoas =the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)
Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas =the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)
Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas) =the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)
Whom (formal) = the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)
When(quando) em vez de in/on which = the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)
Where (onde) em vez de in/at which = the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)
Why(porque) em vez de for which = the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)

Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:
I told you about the woman w…

E-mail writing and making appointments (inglês/português)

Practical tips for e-mail writing
by Christa Maas

Addressing a client
Always check if it is alright to call a client by his or her first name. In European countries the more formal Mr. Green or Ms. Green is applied. Use Mrs. only if you are sure that a woman is married, otherwise use the non-committal Ms. XYZ Co (address) Attn: Ms Marcela
Dear Ms Marcela |Mr.|Mrs.

      Previous meeting

It was a great pleasure meeting you on (date) and I would like to follow up with our proposal for legal services…

Previous e-mail contact Thank you for your e-mail dated … Thank you for your interest in our law firm In reply to your enquiry I would like to give you some background on our law firm and its services I am writing in reference to…

Offering Help Would you like me to … Please, let me know how I can be of help… I am at your complete disposal for anything you might need. Please, don´t hesitate to ask if you need anything.

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

by Christa Maas 1: Give the comparative form for each of the adjectives listed. Russian is a more difficult language than English. I think Maria is happier now than three months ago. Could you open the door, please? It's getting much hotter in this room than I like. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________ good _____________ bad ______________
2: Give the superlative form for each of the adjectives listed. Brazil is the most beautiful country in South America. His biggest dream is to buy a yacht. He is the happiest person in our office. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________