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Pidgin English and Creole (engl.)




by Christa Maas
Pidgin English
Pidgin English ( also broken English)  a word used for very simplistic version of English.
Pidgin English is spoken in many countries that used to be English colonies where natives had to find ways to communicate. There are no rules for grammar or spelling and there is no official dictionary. Usually, these languages die.

Example for Pidgin English: I dunno. ( I don´t know)

Forms of Pidgin are spoken in many of West Africa's English-speaking countries. In Nigeria, more than 50 million people speak it, mixing it with phrases of 500 of their own languages. There are variants of Pidgin English in Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone as well.

Creole
If Pidgin evolves into a structured language system, it is referred to as Creole. Many Creole languages are based on English, French, Spanish and Portuguese and have often been a result of slavery or evolved in colonies.
English based Creole is spoken in Jamaica, Belize, Costa Rica, Columbia, Nicaragua, West Africa’s English speaking countries. Creole French is spoken in Haiti, French Guyana, the Caribbean, and the Indian Ocean. The Cajun dialect in the region of Louisiana is also a variant of Creole.

Further reading suggestion:
John Holm (Coimbra University, Portugal) 
An introduction to Pidgins and Creoles Cambridge University Press 2000
http://catdir.loc.gov/catdir/samples/cam032/99023499.pdf,
The author gives some interesting example of both Pidgin and Creole.

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