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Much, many and very (inglês/português)






by Christa Maas
Substantivos contáveis são aqueles permitem usar números = two books, three pencils, five dreams many.

How many books do you have? Quantos livros você têm?
I have many books.

Substantivos incontáveis são por exemplo: rice (a kilo of rice), water (two bottles of water). Arroz e água são incontáveis porque você conta os quilos, os litros etc... Money (você conta as cédulas ou moedas, não o dinheiro). Information e dedication (conceitos). Os substantivos incontáveis não tem plural = much.

How much money do you have? Quanto dinheiro você têm?
I have ten "reais".

Até agora foi muito básico.....

Mas o que fazer para acrescentar o "very"?

Use much and many with nouns: ( substantivos)


a)      Much with uncountable nouns

I don´t have much money.
Do you have much money?

I don´t have very much money. Do you have very much money? This is grammatically correct, but strange, unless it´s used for emphasis:

I can´t afford it right now.  I don´t have very much money with me today.

More natural in both cases: I have/ don´t have a lot of money. (….with me today)


b)      Many with countable nouns

I don´t have many friends.
Do you have many friends?
I have/don´t have a lot of friends.

I have very many friends. I don´t have very many friends.  This is grammatically correct, but strange, unless it´s used for emphasis. For example:

There are many people in Brazil but not very many (of them) speak English.

More natural in both cases: I have/don´t have a lot of friends.


Use with adjectives and adverbs:

I like you very much.
He is very rich.
I am much too tired to eat much food.
He is much too busy to play much.

But don´t use very much or very many with adjectives

Not: He is very much tired.
Not: I am very much rich.
Not: He is very much too busy.
Not: He is very many intelligent.

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