Skip to main content

Writing a report - useful language (engl)




by Christa Maas
 In the beginning it is always difficult to write reports but it is really a matter of practice. Here is some of the key vocabulary:

Increase    
          there was an increase in the cable market
          enameled cable sales increased
a) Using adjectives
          a slight increase
          a significant increase
          a dramatic increase
          a steady/ continuous  increase
b) Using adverbs
          The market increased slightly
          Increased significantly
          Increased dramatically
          Increased steadily/continuously
2. Decrease    
          there was a decrease in the cable market
          enameled cable sales decreased
a) Using adjectives
          a slight decrease in sales in the market
          a significant decrease
          a dramatic decrease
          a steady/ continuous  decrease
b) Using adverbs
          The market decreased slightly
          decreased significantly
          decreased dramatically
          decreased steadily/continuously
 3. Stagnation 
          The cable market remained stable
          enameled cable sales remained stable 
          The market remained buoyant
4. Comparison ↔
          Domestic sales increased/decreased slightly in comparison with 2010
       Note: When describing the similarities between unlike things, the idiom “compare to” is used. When describing the differences between like things, the idiom “compare with” is used.
          A 14% year-on-year reduction/downturn/decrease in the cable market
          In June sales were higher than/lower than in July
          The total amount of sales amounted to US$ 5 billion versus 4 billion in 2009
          Sales increased/decreased 14 % in July over June
          Consumption/Demand  increased/decreased by 10 % when compared to the previous month


VERB
NOUN
ADJECTIVE
ADVERB
To rise
rise
slight
slightly
To increase
increase
sharp
sharply
To improve
improvement
sudden
suddenly
To decrease
decrease
dramatic
dramatically
To fall
fall
significant
significantly
To recover
recovery
steady
steadily


Example sentences:
·         There was a slight rise in demand.  /Demand rose slightly.
·         There was a sharp increase in the company´s production. /The company´s production increased sharply.
Other key vocabulary:
          In the first half of 2011/ in the second half of 2011
          In the first/second/third/ fourth (final) quarter of 2011
          Triggered by an economic upturn/slowdown
          The heated/slowed demand had an impact on the company´s sales
          Shortages/ oversupply  of raw material on the supply side
          Lower/ higher expectations for the coming year
          Exports were jeopardized/benefitted by reduced consumption
          Scheduled forced leave and shutdown of production lines
          Average historical levels of commodity prices began to move up/down
          Exceeding/ below market expectations
          A bright/dim outlook for the industry
          The main index fell by 4 %
          The exchange rate (final sell price) closed the year at/averaged
          Sales accounted for 5 % of the company´s total revenues
          Revenue stood at US $ …..corresponding to a 5 % increase year-on-year

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas
Usamos  Who para pessoas =the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)
Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas =the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)
Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas) =the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)
Whom (formal) = the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)
When(quando) em vez de in/on which = the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)
Where (onde) em vez de in/at which = the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)
Why(porque) em vez de for which = the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)


Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:
I told you about the woman w…

E-mail writing and making appointments (inglês/português)

Practical tips for e-mail writing
by Christa Maas




Addressing a client
Always check if it is alright to call a client by his or her first name. In European countries the more formal Mr. Green or Ms. Green is applied. Use Mrs. only if you are sure that a woman is married, otherwise use the non-committal Ms. XYZ Co (address) Attn: Ms Marcela
Dear Ms Marcela |Mr.|Mrs.

      Previous meeting

It was a great pleasure meeting you on (date) and I would like to follow up with our proposal for legal services…

Previous e-mail contact Thank you for your e-mail dated … Thank you for your interest in our law firm In reply to your enquiry I would like to give you some background on our law firm and its services I am writing in reference to…


Offering Help Would you like me to … Please, let me know how I can be of help… I am at your complete disposal for anything you might need. Please, don´t hesitate to ask if you need anything.

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

by Christa Maas 1: Give the comparative form for each of the adjectives listed. Russian is a more difficult language than English. I think Maria is happier now than three months ago. Could you open the door, please? It's getting much hotter in this room than I like. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________ good _____________ bad ______________
2: Give the superlative form for each of the adjectives listed. Brazil is the most beautiful country in South America. His biggest dream is to buy a yacht. He is the happiest person in our office. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________