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Writing a report - useful language (engl)

by Christa Maas
 In the beginning it is always difficult to write reports but it is really a matter of practice. Here is some of the key vocabulary:

          there was an increase in the cable market
          enameled cable sales increased
a) Using adjectives
          a slight increase
          a significant increase
          a dramatic increase
          a steady/ continuous  increase
b) Using adverbs
          The market increased slightly
          Increased significantly
          Increased dramatically
          Increased steadily/continuously
2. Decrease    
          there was a decrease in the cable market
          enameled cable sales decreased
a) Using adjectives
          a slight decrease in sales in the market
          a significant decrease
          a dramatic decrease
          a steady/ continuous  decrease
b) Using adverbs
          The market decreased slightly
          decreased significantly
          decreased dramatically
          decreased steadily/continuously
 3. Stagnation 
          The cable market remained stable
          enameled cable sales remained stable 
          The market remained buoyant
4. Comparison ↔
          Domestic sales increased/decreased slightly in comparison with 2010
       Note: When describing the similarities between unlike things, the idiom “compare to” is used. When describing the differences between like things, the idiom “compare with” is used.
          A 14% year-on-year reduction/downturn/decrease in the cable market
          In June sales were higher than/lower than in July
          The total amount of sales amounted to US$ 5 billion versus 4 billion in 2009
          Sales increased/decreased 14 % in July over June
          Consumption/Demand  increased/decreased by 10 % when compared to the previous month

To rise
To increase
To improve
To decrease
To fall
To recover

Example sentences:
·         There was a slight rise in demand.  /Demand rose slightly.
·         There was a sharp increase in the company´s production. /The company´s production increased sharply.
Other key vocabulary:
          In the first half of 2011/ in the second half of 2011
          In the first/second/third/ fourth (final) quarter of 2011
          Triggered by an economic upturn/slowdown
          The heated/slowed demand had an impact on the company´s sales
          Shortages/ oversupply  of raw material on the supply side
          Lower/ higher expectations for the coming year
          Exports were jeopardized/benefitted by reduced consumption
          Scheduled forced leave and shutdown of production lines
          Average historical levels of commodity prices began to move up/down
          Exceeding/ below market expectations
          A bright/dim outlook for the industry
          The main index fell by 4 %
          The exchange rate (final sell price) closed the year at/averaged
          Sales accounted for 5 % of the company´s total revenues
          Revenue stood at US $ …..corresponding to a 5 % increase year-on-year


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