Skip to main content

How to use the expressions : "in case", "in case of" and "just in case"(inglês/português)


by Christa Maas

" Take a raincoat in case it rains";  a tradução ao pé da letra seria "leve uma capa de chuva no caso de chuva"
Mas a tradução certa é:  "Leve uma capa de chuva, caso chova". 
Portanto, o brasileiro geralmente diz "it will rain", o que está errado.
A construção da frase em Inglês difere do Português. O exercício seguinte ensina usar esta gramática nos diferentes tempos verbais.



Exercise 1: Viviane and Vanice are going hiking this weekend. You think they should take these things:

1.    A raincoat (it might rain)
2.    A map (maybe they will not find the road again)
3.    Lots of water (they might get thirsty)
4.    Sun cream (the sun might shine)
5.    A sweater (perhaps it will be cold)
6.    A digital camera (they might want to take photos)
7.    A GPS tracking device (they might get lost in the jungle)
What do you say to them before they leave?
1.    Take a raincoat in case it rains. (not “it will rain)
2.    Take a …………………………………………………………
3.    ……………………………………………………………………
4.    …………………………………………………………………...
5.    …………………………………………………………………...
6.    ……………………………………………………………………
7.    ……………………………………………………………………

Exercise 2: Ronaldo thought that Vivian and Vanice had forgotten all these things, so he went to bring them everything he thought they might need.

1.    He brought them a raincoat in case it rained. (not “it would rain” and not “it had rained”)
2.    He brought them……………………………………………
3.    He brought……………………………………………………
4.    ……………………………………………………..………………
5.    ……………………………………………..…………………….
6.    ……………………………………………..…………………….
7.    …………………………..……………………………………….

Exercise 3: But they didn´t need any of these things. They had taken everything with them. When they talked about it, they said:
1.    We had taken a raincoat in case it rained.
2.    ……………………………………………………………………….
3.    ……………………………………………………………………….
4.    ……………………………………………………………………….
5.    ……………………………………………………………………….
6.    ……………………………………………………………………….
7.    ……………………………………………………………………….
Exercise 4: Ronaldo answered:
1.    I thought it would be better to bring you a raincoat just in case.
2.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
3.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
4.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
5.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
6.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
7.    ………………………………………………………………………………………..
Exercise 5: So they would have been prepared for almost anything. Use “in case or in case of” in the following exercise. Note: There may two possible answers:
1.    In case of rain, they would have had a raincoat.
2.    In case they…………………………………………………………….
3.    In case of.……………………………………………………………
4.    In case of.……………………………………………………………
5.    In case of…………………………………………………….………
6.    In case they…………………………………………………………
7.    In case they…………………………………………………………


Exercises with different tenses:
Exercise 6: REWRITE THE SENTENCES USING “IN CASE”.
1.    We prepared ourselves a lot because we thought he might ask a lot of questions about our business.


2.    We sent out three different proposals because we thought it would be better to be flexible.

3.    We printed copies of the presentation because we weren´t sure they had the right equipment in their boardroom.


4.    They might deliver a registered letter for me this morning so please tell the reception desk.

5.    Please turn you mobile phone off because it might disturb the other students.


6.    I brought some sandwiches because I thought you might be hungry.

7.    Mrs. Graça made a pot of coffee for us because she thought we might want some.


8.    I will repeat myself because I think you might not have understood my explanation.

9.    This morning it looks like rain so I will take an umbrella.



Exercise 7: NOW REWRITE THE SAME SENTENCES USING “JUST IN CASE”

1.    We prepared ourselves to answer a lot of questions, just in case.
2.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
3.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
4.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
5.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
6.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
7.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
8.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………
9.    ……………………………………………………………………………………………

Answers:
Exercise 1:
1.    Take a raincoat in case it rains.
2.    Take a map in case you can´t find the road.
3.    Take lots of water in case you get thirsty.
4.    Take sun cream in case the sun shines.
5.    Take a sweater in case it´s cold.
6.    Take a digital camera in case you get lost.
Exercise 2:
1.    He brought them a raincoat in case it rained.
2.    He brought them a map in case they couldn´t find the road.
3.    He brought them lots of water in case they got thirsty.
4.    He brought them sun cream in case the sun shone.
5.    He brought them a sweater in case it got cold.
6.    He brought them a digital camera in case they wanted to take photos.
7.    He brought them a GPS tracking device in case they got lost in the jungle.
Exercise 3:
1.    We had taken a raincoat in case it rained.
2.    We had taken a map in case we couldn´t find the road.
3.    We had brought lots of water in case we got thirsty.
4.    We had taken sun cream in case the sun shone.
5.    We had taken a sweater in case it got cold.
6.    We had brought a digital camera in case we wanted to take some pictures.
7.    We had brought a GPS tracking device in case we got lost.
 Exercise 4:
1.    I thought it would be better to bring you a raincoat, just in case.
2.    I thought it would be better to bring you a map, just in case.
3.    I thought it would be better to bring you lots of water, just in case.
4.    I thought it would be better to bring you some sun cream, just in case.
5.    I thought it would be better to bring you a sweater, just in case.
6.    I thought it would be better to bring you a digital camera, just in case.
7.    I thought it would be better to bring you a GPS tracking device, just in case.

Exercise 5:
1.    In case of rain (or: In case it started raining), they would have had a raincoat.
2.    In case they got lost, (or: In case of getting lost) they would have had a map.
3.    In case of thirst, ( or: In case they got thirsty) they would have had lots of water
4.    In case of sunshine, (or: In case the sun shone) they would have had sun cream.
5.    In case of cold weather, (or: In case it was cold) they would have had a sweater.
6.    In case they wanted to take pictures, they would have had a digital camera.
7.    In case they got lost, they would have had a GPS tracking device.

Exercise 6:
1.    We prepared ourselves in case he asked a lot of questions about our business.
2.    We sent out three proposals, in case it was better to be flexible.
3.    We printed copies of the presentation in case they didn´t have the right equipment in the boardroom.
4.    Please tell the reception in case they deliver a registered latter for me this morning.
5.    Please turn off your mobile phone in case it disturbs the other students.
6.    I brought some sandwiches in case you were hungry.
7.    Mrs. Graça made a pot of coffee for us in case we wanted some.
8.    I will repeat myself in case you didn´t understand.
9.    I will take an umbrella, in case it rains.

Exercise 7:
1.    We prepared ourselves to answer a lot of questions, just in case.
2.    We sent out three proposals, just in case.
3.    We printed three copies, just in case.
4.    Please tell the reception, just in case.
5.    Please turn off your mobile phone, just in case.
6.    I brought some sandwiches, just in case.
7.    Mrs. Graça made a pot of coffee, just in case.
8.    I will repeat myself, just in case.
9.    I will take an umbrella, just in case.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas
Usamos  Who para pessoas =the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)
Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas =the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)
Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas) =the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)
Whom (formal) = the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)
When(quando) em vez de in/on which = the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)
Where (onde) em vez de in/at which = the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)
Why(porque) em vez de for which = the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)


Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:
I told you about the woman w…

E-mail writing and making appointments (inglês/português)

Practical tips for e-mail writing
by Christa Maas




Addressing a client
Always check if it is alright to call a client by his or her first name. In European countries the more formal Mr. Green or Ms. Green is applied. Use Mrs. only if you are sure that a woman is married, otherwise use the non-committal Ms. XYZ Co (address) Attn: Ms Marcela
Dear Ms Marcela |Mr.|Mrs.

      Previous meeting

It was a great pleasure meeting you on (date) and I would like to follow up with our proposal for legal services…

Previous e-mail contact Thank you for your e-mail dated … Thank you for your interest in our law firm In reply to your enquiry I would like to give you some background on our law firm and its services I am writing in reference to…


Offering Help Would you like me to … Please, let me know how I can be of help… I am at your complete disposal for anything you might need. Please, don´t hesitate to ask if you need anything.

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

by Christa Maas 1: Give the comparative form for each of the adjectives listed. Russian is a more difficult language than English. I think Maria is happier now than three months ago. Could you open the door, please? It's getting much hotter in this room than I like. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________ good _____________ bad ______________
2: Give the superlative form for each of the adjectives listed. Brazil is the most beautiful country in South America. His biggest dream is to buy a yacht. He is the happiest person in our office. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________