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Condicionais 1,2,3 (inglês/português)


Conditional Sentences – Frases Condicionais
by Christa Maas

No Inglês existem 4 tipos de frases condicionais:

O Conditional- (Condicional O)

Forma: if + present simple (comma= virgula) +present simple

If I have money, I spend it. (Quando tenho dinheiro, gasto)

Conditional I:

Forma: if+ present simple (comma) + future with will

If I like this shirt, I will buy it (ao pé da letra: Se eu gostar desta camisa, comprarei)

 A segunda parte da frase (result-clause) mostra que é bem provável ou possível que o resultado seja favorável.

Ao inverter a frase a vírgula é omitida:

I will buy this shirt if I like it.

Conditional II:

Forma: ifpast simple (comma) + would + infinitive

If I had her address, I would visit her today. (Se eu tivesse seu endereço, eu a visitaria hoje)

Nesta frase o resultado é pouco possível e provavelmente negativo.

Ao inverter a frase a vírgula é omitida:

I would visit her today if I had her address.

Conditional III:

Forma: if+ past perfect (comma) + would have +past participle

If I had left earlier, I wouldn´t have been late. (Se eu tivesse saído mais cedo, eu não teria sido (chegado) atrasado)

Nesta frase o resultado positivo é impossível, já que se trata de uma ação no passado.

Ao inverter a frase a vírgula é omitida:

I wouldn´t have been late if I had left earlier.

Exemplos de Condicionais em diferentes tempos verbais:



Cláusula “IF”
Cláusula do resultado
Present Simple
If the shirt fits me, …
Future I
…I will buy it.
Imperative
…buy it.
Modal Auxiliary
…I can buy it.
....I might buy it
Present Continuous
If he has a bad dream, …
Future Simple
…I will wake him up.
Imperative
…wake him up.
Modal Auxiliary
…you should wake him up.
Present Perfect
If  he has moved to Paris
Future Simple
…we will visit him.
Imperative
…visit him.
Modal Auxiliary
…we can visit him.
should + Infinitive
If he should get the job, …
Future Simple
…I will call him.
Imperative
…call him
Modal Auxiliary
…we can call him.
Present Simple
If  I have money, …
Present Simple
…I usually spend it.



a)      Complete the sentences:



1.      If I had more time

2.      They wouldn´t have told her if

3.      If she studies English harder

4.      I wouldn´t have left so early if

5.      We would have had dinner there if

6.      If Brazil had won the World cup

7.      She will call you if

8.      If there was snow on Christmas

9.      If he wasn´t my friend,

10.  I would have locked the door if

11.  If you drive,

12.  Palmeiras wouldn´t have won the football match last Sunday if

13.  If she hadn´t told me,

14.  If they had paid more attention,

15.  If their car hadn´t broken down,

16.  I can´t come to work if



b)     Rewrite the following sentences in 3rd conditional





1.      Ronald didn´t buy the car because he didn´t have enough money.



2.      Mary didn´t go to school because she was sick.



3.      Tom might have gone on vacation but he had to work.



4.      We got to the cinema late so the film had already started.



5.      I went to the supermarket because we were all out of food.



6.      They didn´t open the store today because of the holiday.



7.      The airplane took off without us because we arrived at the airport too late for check-in.



     Complete the sentences- possible answers


  1. If I had more time, I would go out more often.
  2. They wouldn´t have told her if they had known she would be so sad.
  3. If she studies English harder, she will pass the test.
  4. I wouldn´t have left so early if I had known I would be the first to arrive at the party.
  5. We would have had dinner there if we had known how bad their chef was.
  6. If Brazil had won the World cup, there would have been a great celebration.
  7. She will call you if you give her your number.
  8. If there was snow on Christmas, the children would be happy.
  9. If he wasn´t my friend, I wouldn´t call him anymore.
  10. I would have locked the door if I had known how dangerous this city is.
  11. If you drive, don´t drink.
  12. Palmeiras wouldn´t have won the football match last Sunday if the other team had played better.
  13. If she hadn´t told me, I wouldn´t have found out about the problem.
  14. If they had paid more attention, they wouldn´t have missed the deadline
  15. If their car hadn´t broken down, they wouldn´t have been late.
  16. I can´t come to work if I have the flue.

     Rewrite the following sentences in 3rd conditional - possible answers

  1. Ronald didn´t buy the car because he didn´t have enough money.  If Ronald had had enough money, he would have bought the car.
  2. Mary didn´t go to school because she was sick.  If Mary hadn´t been sick, she would have gone to school.
  3. Tom might have gone on vacation but he had to work.  If he hadn´t had to work, he wouldn´t have gone on vacation.
  4. We arrived at the cinema late so the film had already started. If hadn´t arrived late at the cinema, the film wouldn´t already have started.
  5. I went to the supermarket because we were all out of food.  If we hadn´t been out of food, I wouldn´t have gone to the supermarket.
  6. They didn´t open the store today because of the holiday.  If today hadn´t been a holiday, they would have opened the store.
  7. The airplane took off without us because we arrived at the airport too late for check-in.  If we hadn´t arrived at the airport too late for check-in, the airplane wouldn´t have taken off without us.



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