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Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas

Who para pessoas
=the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)

Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas
=the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)

Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas)
=the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)

Whom (formal)
= the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)

When (quando) em vez de in/on which
= the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)

Where (onde) em vez de in/at which
= the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)

Why (porque) em vez de for which
= the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)

Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:

I told you about the woman who lives here. – I told you about the woman living here.

Do you see the cat which is lying on the sofa? – Do you see the cat lying on the sofa?


a) Choose the correct relative pronoun (who, which (or that), whose).
  1. This is the bank ________ was robbed yesterday.
  2. A boy________ sister is in my class was in the bank at that time.
  3. The man ________ robbed the bank had two bags.
  4.  He wore a mask________ made him look scary.
  5. He came with a friend ________waited outside in the car.
  6. The cashier________ gave him the money was very pretty.
  7. The bag________ they brought for the money was blue.
  8. The people________ were in the bank were very frightened.
  9. A man ________mobile was ringing did not know what to do.
  10. A woman ________daughter was crying tried to calm her.
  11. The car________ the bank robbers escaped in was red..
  12. The robber________ mask didn't drive.
  13. The man ________drove the car was very nervous.
  14. He didn't wait at the traffic lights ________were red.
  15. A police man ________ car was parked across the street arrested them. 
 Respostas: 1.which, that 2 whose 3 who 4 which, that 5 who 6 who 7 which, that 8 who 9 whose 10 whose 11 which, that 12 whose 13 who 14 which, that 15 who

b) Choose the correct relative adverb ( where, when, why...).
  1.       This is the restaurant ________Mary met James.
  2.       January and February are the months ________most people go on holiday in Brazil.
  3.   3. Do you know the reason ________so many people in Brazil want to learn English?
  4.       This is the church ________Sue and Peter got married.
  5.       Winnipeg the town ________I was born.
  6.   6. Rio de Janeiro is the city __________ most tourists want to go.
  7.       The tropical climate is the reason________ so many people like to go to the beach.
  8.       A supermarket is a place ________you can buy groceries..
  9.       The morning________ I left for Bahia was very busy.
  10.       A football game was the reason ________I couldn't sleep last night. 
Respostas: 1.where; 2.when; 3.why; 4.where; 5.where; 6.where; 7.why; 8.where; 9. when; 10.why.


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