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BE, GET AND STAY (inglês/português)

     One of the most common mistakes native Portuguese speakers make: confusing “be” , “get” and “stay"

    Um dos erros mais comuns cometido por pessoas que falam português : confundir "be", "get"and "stay" 


by Christa Maas and Simone Zamper


Look at the following examples:

I am late for work. (Eu estou atrasada para o trabalho)
It is getting late. (Está ficando tarde)
I am staying up late today. (Vou ficar acordado até tarde hoje)

Native Portuguese speaking students have trouble assimilating the difference between these verbs. Estudantes que falam português nativo tem dificuldade em assimilar a diferença entre esses verbos.

When using the Portuguese word “estar” for the verb “stay” in English, we do so to express a sense of permanency, whereas in Portuguese, it can also express a change in state of something. Quando usamos a palavra "estar" para o verbo "stay", nós fazemos isso para expressar um estado de permanência, enquanto que em português, "estar"também pode expressar uma mudança de estado.

A native Portuguese speaker will therefore confuse “stay” and “get”. Portanto, uma pessoa que fala o português como língua nativa irá confundir "stay" e "get".

Basically, “stay”  is used to describe permanent states, whereas “get” describes how something evolves or slowly changes. Basicamente, "stay" é usado para descrever algo permanente, enquanto "get"descreve algo que evolui ou muda lentamente.

The verb “be” can describe a relationship or connect two things or describe the quality or conditions of something ( I am a teacher, It is cold today),  show the position of a person in space or time ( the food is on the table. I am in my room), or in a sense of “exist” (There is no sound in the house). O verbo "be" descreve uma relação ou conexão entre duas coisas, descreve qualidades ou condições de algo ( Eu sou uma professora, está frio hoje), descreve posição no espaço e tempo ( a comida está a mesa, eu estou na sala), ou demonstra existência (tem um barulho na casa).


Exercise:
1.     I want ________with my family. 
2.     I want ________ with my family, in my old room.
3.     It´s hard ______away from them. But I am forcing myself not to go.
4.     It´s ______ harder to stay at home
5.     It is _________dark
6.     It ______ dark until 5AM
7.     He _____a very dark person.
8.     Don´t ______ sad.


Answers:
I want to be with my family.  ( estar)
I want to stay with my family, in my old room (ficar, no sentido de permanecer)
It´s hard to stay away from them. But I am forcing myself not to go.(ficar)
It´s getting harder to stay at home ( get= se tornar, stay= ficar,  no sentido de permanecer)
It is getting dark ( se tornar)
It stays dark until 5AM (ficar)
He is a very dark person (ser)
Don´t be sad ( no Português: não fique triste)





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