Skip to main content

How to use "DO"and "MAKE"

HOW DO WE USE “DO “ AND “MAKE” CORRECTLY IN ENGLISH?
COMO USAMOS “DO” E “MAKE CORRETAMENTE EM INGLÊS?

The two verbs 'do' and 'make' are often confused. In this lesson you will learn what the differences are: Os dois verbos “do”e “make” são confundidos com frequência. Nesta lição você aprenderá quais são as diferenças:

  • Use "do" quando o "fazer" significar execução, realização, desenvolvimento de ação.
  • Use "make" quando o "fazer" significar criação, elaboração, fabricação, transformação num processo.
  •  
Exemplos:
I’ll do my best at school this year.  Farei o melhor (que puder) na escola este ano.
My grandmother makes the best Lasagna in Italy. Minha avó faz a melhor lasanha da Itália.
This car was made by a German manufacturer. Este carro foi fabricado por uma montadora alemã.
I make breakfast every morning.  Eu faço café da manhã toda manhã.
I do a lot of homework every day. Eu faço muita lição de casa todos os dias.

'Do' for daily activities and jobs that don’t create anything physically           'Fazer' para atividades diárias e trabalhos que não criam nada fisicamente
do homework-  fazer lição de casa
do housework- fazer trabalho de casa
do the ironing- passar roupa
do the dishes- lavar louças
do a job
- fazer um trabalho
'Do' for general ideasFazer” para ideias gerais
We use the verb 'do' when we do not exactly name an activity. This form is often used with the words 'something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.' Usamos o verbo 'do' quando não denominamos exatamente a atividade. Esta forma é frequentemente usada com as palavras 'algo, nada, tudo, etc.'
I'm not doing anything today. Eu não estou fazendo nada hoje.
He does everything for his mother. Ele faz tudo para mãe dele.
She's doing nothing at the moment.
Ela não está fazendo nada no momento.
Important Expressions with 'Do' / Expressões importantes com “do”
When we use a noun and a verb together to create an expression, it´s called a collocation. Quando usamos um substantivo e um verbo juntos para criar uma expressão, é chamado de colocação.
Here are some standard collocations with “do”. Aqui estão algumas colocações padronizadas com “do”.
do one's best- fazer o melhor
do good- fazer o bem
do harm- fazer um dano
do a favour- fazer um favor
do business
- fazer negócio
'Make' for constructing,  creating / 'Make' para construir, criar
In the following examples we make (create) something we can touch physically. Nos exemplos seguintes fazemos (criamos) algo que podemos tocar fisicamente.

make dinner- fazer o jantar
make a cup of tea- fazer uma xícara de chá
make a mess- fazer uma bagunça
make a cake- fazer um bolo

Important expressions with 'Make' / Expressões importantes com “make”
When we use a noun and a verb together to create an expression, it´s called a collocation. Here are some standard collocations with “make”. Quando usamos um substantivo e um verbo juntos para criar uma expressão, é chamado de colocação. Aqui estão algumas colocações padronizadas com “make”.
make an exception- fazer uma exceção
make a mess- fazer bagunça
make plans or arrangements-  fazer planos ou tomar providências
make a phone call- fazer uma ligação
make a decision- tomar uma decisão
make a mistake- cometer um erro
make noise- fazer barulho
make money- fazer dinheiro
make an excuse- criar/dar uma desculpa
make an effort- fazer um esforço

Let’s practice?

Exercise A: Complete with make or do

1.     If you want to buy that house, I'm sure we can _____ a deal.
2.     How much money does her brother _____?
3.     Could you _____ me a favor and watch my dog this weekend.
4.     My boyfriend usually _____ the dishes after dinner.
5.     My mother is out tonight so we can _____ some noise!
6.     My dog always  _____ a mess in the bedroom!
7.     I _____  an appointment to visit my dentist next Monday.
8.     Do you ____ your bed in the mornings?
9.     I can’t go to the cinema with you. I'm going to _____ my homework.
10.  I can´t  _____ that decision alone.
11.  Maria is _____ a phone call at the moment.
12.  I like _____ business with you.
13.  I was _____ 100 km an hour when the police stopped me.
14.  Please, _____ yourselves at home. I'll only be a minute.
15.  You don't need to _____ a face if you don't like the food here.
16.  I want to _____ my exercises in the morning.
17.  Let's  _____ a date for Saturday night.
18.  The soldier _____ his duty. He fought for his country.
19.  How much profit did your company _____ last year?
20.  I don't think I _____ any harm.
21.  He _____ all the arrangements for the convention.
22.  OK, I'll _____ an exception for your son. I like him.
23.  I don’t think crying _____ a lot of good when things go wrong.
24.  _____ love not war.
25.  Have you _____ any progress on your English?

Exercise B: Complete with make or do
A phone call-  important business-   dinner- the dishes-   someone sad-     a great job-       money-  my homework-  a deposit-  nothing- a mess-  a promise-    someone a favor-       things-  something clear-       yoga-  noise-  exercises- a proposal-   a lot of damage-housework- the ironing- laundry


Answers:
Exercise A:
 1. make 2. make 3.  do 4. does 5. make 6. makes, 7. made 8. make 9. do 10. make 11. making 12. doing 13. doing 14. make 15. make 16. do 17. make 18.  did 19. make 20. did 21. made 22. make 23. does 24. made 25. made
Exercise B:
make a phone call- make dinner- do the dishes-   make someone sad- make money-  do my homework-  make a deposit-  do nothing- make a mess-  make a promise -  make something clear- make noise- - make a proposal
do important business- do a great job- do someone a favor-  do things -  do yoga- do exercises -  do a lot of damage- do housework- do the ironing- do laundry




 



















Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Relative pronouns: who,when,where,why...(inglês/português)

Relative Pronouns- Pronomes relativos
by Christa Maas
Usamos  Who para pessoas =the woman who lives here (a mulher que mora aqui)
Which ou that para animais/coisas e também em frases completas =the car which I bought (o carro que comprei)
Whose para indicar posse (para pessoas e coisas) =the girl whose sister works here (a menina cuja irmã trabalha aqui)
Whom (formal) = the man to whom I spoke (o homem com quem falei)
When(quando) em vez de in/on which = the day on which I met him= The day when I met him (o dia em que o conheci)
Where (onde) em vez de in/at which = the place at which we met = the place where we met (o lugar onde encontramos)
Why(porque) em vez de for which = the reason for which we met him= the reason why we met him (a razão pela qual nós o conhecemos)


Encurtando cláusulas relativas: 

Podemos substituir o pronome relativo who, which, that (quando é sujeito) por um verbo no particípio (verb + ing) para encurtar a frase e assim ela fica mais fácil de entender:
I told you about the woman w…

E-mail writing and making appointments (inglês/português)

Practical tips for e-mail writing
by Christa Maas




Addressing a client
Always check if it is alright to call a client by his or her first name. In European countries the more formal Mr. Green or Ms. Green is applied. Use Mrs. only if you are sure that a woman is married, otherwise use the non-committal Ms. XYZ Co (address) Attn: Ms Marcela
Dear Ms Marcela |Mr.|Mrs.

      Previous meeting

It was a great pleasure meeting you on (date) and I would like to follow up with our proposal for legal services…

Previous e-mail contact Thank you for your e-mail dated … Thank you for your interest in our law firm In reply to your enquiry I would like to give you some background on our law firm and its services I am writing in reference to…


Offering Help Would you like me to … Please, let me know how I can be of help… I am at your complete disposal for anything you might need. Please, don´t hesitate to ask if you need anything.

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

Superlatives and Comparatives- Exercises

by Christa Maas 1: Give the comparative form for each of the adjectives listed. Russian is a more difficult language than English. I think Maria is happier now than three months ago. Could you open the door, please? It's getting much hotter in this room than I like. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________ good _____________ bad ______________
2: Give the superlative form for each of the adjectives listed. Brazil is the most beautiful country in South America. His biggest dream is to buy a yacht. He is the happiest person in our office. interesting ___________ strong ___________ funny ___________ important ___________ beautiful ___________ big ___________ small ___________ polluted ___________ boring ___________ angry ___________